There are different kinds of incontinence, and it is important that you differentiate between the two major ones when trying to treat this condition. The main types of incontinence are urge and stress. Urge incontinence denotes a strong desire to urinate frequently, while stress incontinence is characterized by accidental leakage that occurs when stress is placed on the bladder.
That stress is always physical and has nothing to do with your emotional state. Anytime pressure is placed on the bladder, that is considered stress, and in many people, it can lead to leakage. Your bladder doesn’t even have to be full for some physical stress to lead to leakage. However, the problem with people who suffer from incontinence is that they can rarely empty their bladder completely. They have trouble voiding their bladder many times, so there is usually something left to cause leakage.
Those who suffer from stress incontinence have to be careful that they don’t sit down for too long, wear clothes that are too tight or eat foods that will cause stress on the bladder, such as spicy foods. They have to be careful about the kinds of activities they engage in, as some can apply pressure to their bladder. It may not take much pressure, either. Just a very small amount of pressure for a very brief time can cause leakage, which is why most people who have this kind of incontinence have to wear pads or adult nappies regularly.
That’s especially true if they are athletic or active throughout the day. In order to go about their day as normal and engage in the kind of activities that they are used to doing, they need to have protection to keep them dry from accidental leakage. Of course, their doctor can recommend the best kind of leakage protection for them and their situation. Not everyone will need a very absorbent pad or something very robust to protect them.
Women suffer from this type of incontinence more than men do, and it the most common type of incontinence that people experience. Stress incontinence is usually caused by one or more of the following factors:
- Prostate enlargement (in men)
- Genetic factors
These are more permanent types of stress incontinence. For incontinence that is not as long lasting, the causes could be physical trauma to the pelvic region, childbirth, excessive use of caffeine or alcohol and a variety of medications.
In any instance, this condition is treatable, but even with treatment, the person suffering from it may need to be careful about the kind of stress they allow to occur to their bladder. They may have to wear protection when they engage in certain activities or keep their activity level down to a minimum.
With continued treatment, stress incontinence can be cured in many cases. For those who are stuck with it for the rest of their life, they can still manage the problem with the help of a medical professional. Through treatment, they can make the symptoms less severe and regain better control over their bladder, resulting in less leakage and more confidence.